《应用语言学导论 英文 P219》求取 ⇩

Self-preface1

Chapter One An Overview of Applied Linguistics1

1.1 Origins of the Term Applied Linguistics1

1.2 Definition and Domains of Applied Linguistics6

Chapter Two Applied Linguistics and Linguistics17

2.1 Introduction17

2.2 Historical Background18

2.2.1 Growth of American Linguistics20

2.2.2 Generative Linguistics21

2.2.3 Current Generative Theory24

2.3 Descriptive Syntax30

2.4 Functional and Typological Theories31

2.5 Anthropological Linguistics and Sociolinguistics35

2.6 Linguistic Research and Applied Linguistics39

2.6.1 Phonetics and Phonology41

2.6.2 Morphology41

2.6.3 Syntax42

2.6.4 Semantics and Pragmatics44

2.7 Sociolinguistics and Discourse Analysis46

2.8 Conclusion51

Chapter Three Applied Linguistics and the Teacher Profession53

3.1 Study of Languages and Language Teaching53

3.1.1 Early History53

3.1.2 The Twentieth Century54

3.2 Focus on the Language Learner:Motivation, Styles and Strategies63

3.2.1 Introduction: Learner Characteristics63

3.2.2 Characteristics outside the Teacher’s Control64

3.2.3 Motivation65

3.2.4 Learning Styles72

3.2.5 Learner Strategies75

3.2.6 Pedagogical Implications: the Intersection of Motivation,Styles and Strategies87

3.2.7 The Use of Style and Strategy Surveys88

3.2.8 Conclusion89

3.3 Language Teacher Education and Development:Learning Teaching90

3.3.1 Introduction90

3.3.2 Models of Teacher Education93

3.3.3 Qualifications and Professional Development:the Public Side97

3.3.4 The BATQI Framework99

3.3.5 Methods of Teacher Preparation100

3.3.6 Training the Trainers103

3.3.7 Research on Teacher Development104

3.3.8 Language and the Language Teacher108

3.3.9 Conclusion110

3.4The Language Classroom: Where It All Happens110

3.4.1 Introduction110

3.4.2 Systematic Observation115

3.4.3 Interpretive Approaches119

3.4.4 Organizational Issues121

3.4.5 Feedback124

3.4.6 Research by Whom?128

3.4.7 The Ethnography of Language Classrooms129

3.4.8 Conclusion130

3.5Language Testing and Evaluation131

3.5.1 Introduction131

3.5.2 Language Testing and Applied Linguistics133

3.5.3 Current Trends in Language Testing136

3.5.4 Validity and Reliability in Testing141

3.5.5 Reliability, Item-Response Theory, and Computers in Language Testing148

3.5.6 Project Evaluation150

3.5.7 Conclusion151

Chapter Four Applied Linguistics and Computer Application154

4.1Introduction154

4.2 Computer Applications in Linguistics156

4.3 The Computer as a Research Tool for Linguistic Analysis159

4.3.1 Text-Related Research160

4.3.2 Statistical Analyses in Applied Linguistics166

4.4 Computer Applications for Language Learning and Teaching168

4.4.1 Research on CALL Effectiveness170

4.4.2 CALL Innovations172

4.4.3 Developments in Writing, Reading, Language Arts,and Second-Language Instruction175

4.4.4 Ongoing Problems with CALL177

4.5 Computational Linguistics178

4.6 Conclusion184

Chapter Five Becoming an Applied Linguist186

5.1 Introduction186

5.2 Constraints on the Training of Applied Linguists189

5.3 Linguistics191

5.4 Language and Mind198

5.5 Language and Society200

5.6 Literacies and Tools202

5.7 The Interaction of Knowledge Domains208

5.8 Conclusion211

Bibliography216

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